Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao started her enterprise profession as a sideline importing fax machines and latex rubber into the then Soviet Union whereas finding out financial administration at D Mendeleev College of Chemical Know-how in Moscow. Earlier than she had turned 21 – or graduated – she had made her first million.
Phuong Thao, who’s popularly often known as Madam Thao, is now Vietnam’s first and solely feminine billionaire with an estimated $2.7bn (£2bn) fortune produced from VietJet, the airline she based and runs, alongside an unlimited property empire that stretches from skyscrapers in Ho Chi Minh Metropolis to 5 star seaside resorts throughout the nation in addition to offshore oil and fuel exploration and fossil gasoline financing.
However her identify could quickly be well-known within the UK in addition to Vietnam after College of Oxford’s Linacre School agreed to rename itself Thao School after a £155m “transformative donation” from her holding firm Sovico Group.
“Training and analysis are the keys to the event and prosperity of mankind,” she stated on asserting the deal. “I consider the long-term cooperation with Oxford College will deliver new alternatives and good worth to the group.”
The 51-year-old, who signed the cope with Linacre School’s principal Prof Nick Brown within the presence of the Vietnamese prime minister, Phạm Minh Chính, in Edinburgh within the run-up to the Cop convention, isn’t any stranger to Oxford’s spires.
Her son, Tommy Nguyen, studied financial administration at Oxford, the place he adopted in his mom’s footsteps by additionally establishing a sideline firm. He based the logistics agency Swift247, which transports paperwork from south-east Asia to the remainder of the world, after he struggled to get his visa paperwork despatched to the UK shortly sufficient to alter colleges. In the long run his household despatched a member of employees to personally courier the paperwork to him in London.
In his utility to check at Oxford, he’s stated to have written “my mom is a task mannequin for me to try to comply with”.
Phuong Thao has spoken of the problem of constructing her empire whereas elevating her two kids on the similar time. “He [Tommy] saved insisting and begging [me] to take him to class,” she instructed the Vietnamese enterprise web site Cafebiz. “Strictly, I had a gathering at 8:30. [I told him] go alone, although my coronary heart desires to go together with you.”
She stated she would favor to not reside life within the public eye. “However enterprise management has turned me into an individual of the collective, of the general public. I need to at all times pay attention to the exemplary spirit of management, sharing amongst employees and I’m compelled to sacrifice my privateness and pursuits.”
Nonetheless, Phuong Thao has a behavior of courting controversy to spice up gross sales. In 2012 Vietjet promoted a brand new flight with magnificence pageant contestants strolling the aisles in bikinis. The airline, which now flies to greater than 120 locations, was fined 20m dong (£600) for the Hawaiian-themed stunt that violated aviation laws.
Regardless of the positive, bikini-clad airline staff additionally welcomed house the nationwide under-23 soccer crew after they misplaced the ultimate of the 2018 Asian Soccer Confederation Championship.
The incident prompted prospects to ask Phuong Thao: “Do you need to rename Vietjet ‘Vietsex’?” The airline was fined an additional 40m dong by the Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam (CAAV). Undeterred, Phuong Thao desires to develop Vietjet to turn into the “Emirates of Asia”.
She has “at all times aimed huge and finished huge offers”. “I’ve by no means finished something on a small scale,” she stated of her college sideline. “When individuals had been buying and selling one container [of goods], I used to be already buying and selling lots of of containers.”
The donation to Linacre, which was named after the Renaissance humanist, medical scientist Thomas Linacre whom the school has described as “one of many nice students of his time”, is the biggest donation given to Oxford in not less than 500 years.
Her £155m pips the earlier modern-day document of £150m given by the US billionaire non-public fairness tycoon Stephen Schwarzman in 2019 to fund a brand new humanities and efficiency house, to be known as the Schwarzman Centre.
It isn’t the primary time Oxford buildings or faculties have been renamed after donors. Harris Manchester faculty modified its identify from Manchester School in 1996 after a donation from businessman Lord Harris.
The financier Wafic Saïd donated £70m in 1996, most of which went to the institution of the Saïd Enterprise College. Len Blavatnik, Ukraine-born billionaire and UK’s richest particular person, in response to the Sunday Occasions, donated £75m to the college in 2015 for the development of the Blavatnik College of Authorities.
Linacre, which has already confronted a barrage of criticism from lecturers for accepting the cash and permitting the “commercialisation” of nice seats of studying, stated it was delighted to simply accept the donation because it has “lengthy been one of many least well-endowed faculties on the college” with simply £17.7m within the financial institution.
Sovico’s position in numerous offshore oil and fuel initiatives within the Vietnam basin has additionally angered the Oxford College Local weather Justice Marketing campaign, which stated: “We’re unhappy to listen to what Linacre’s actions have instructed us: that Linacre values cash greater than individuals and the planet.”
Phuong Thao and the school had anticipated that criticism. As a part of the deal, Sovico has dedicated to reaching web zero emissions by the tip of 2050 – and says it’s going to draw on enter from Oxford lecturers to realize that aim.